英語日付の順番は月と曜日どちらが先?アメリカ式とイギリス式の違い

日常英会話

仕事でも日常生活でも文書や手紙で英語で日付け(年月日)を書くことって意外にあります。

「あれ、英語で日付を書く順番って、年、月、日どれが先だっけ?」と日付の順番で悩んだことってありませんか?

ある本では日が先に書かれているのに、別の本では月が先に書かれているということはよくありますが、一体どちらが正しいのでしょうか。

調べていくと、「アメリカ式」か「イギリス式」かによっても月日を書く順番が違うようです。

ここでは、この年月日の順番や「アメリカ式」か「イギリス式」の日付の違いについても紹介していきます。

年月日の英語スペルや書き方・読み方はこちら

英語で年月日を書く順番はアメリカとイギリスどっちが良い?

例えば「2030年5月4日」を英語で書き表すとどんな順番になるのでしょうか。

実は英語で日付を書く際の「年月日」の書く順番は2通りあります。

一つは「アメリカ式」もう一つは「イギリス式」の日付です。

まず、その二通りの日付の順番を見てみましょう。

アメリカ式英語の年月日順番

アメリカ式英語の年月日の順番は「月・日・年」の順番です。

例えば、「2030年5月3日」は “May 3rd 2030” と表されます。

イギリス式英語の年月日順番

イギリス式英語の年月日の順番は「日・月・年」の順番です。

例えば、「2030年5月3日」は “3rd May  2030” と表されます。

英語年月日の順番はアメリカ式とイギリス式のどっちを書けば良い?

英語で年月日を書く際、もしあなたが現在アメリカにいればアメリカ式、イギリスにいればイギリス式を選ぶのが通常です。

では、日本或いはそれ以外の国の場合ははどうでしょうか。

実はビジネスや慣習で書き方や書式が決まっている場合以外は、どちらを選んでも間違いではありません。

例えばMay 3rd 2030でも, 3rd May 2030でも正しいのです。

見てもわかる通り、「日」の部分は 1st, 2nd, 3rdのように見分けがつくようになっていますし、「月」の部分に関しても英語の場合1月から12月まで”January”” February”など一つ一つ違う単語になっているので、順番が入れ替わったとしても問題なく相手は理解できます。

しかも、近年は日本のみならず世界各地で外国人の手紙やメール、文書のやり取りなどが良く交わされています。

意外と送る側の国籍や会社、個人のバックグラウンドによって、年月日の書き方はアメリカ式であったりイギリス式であったりと、統一されていません。

なので、正式にフォーマットが決まっている場合を除いては、アメリカ式とイギリス式どちらであっても良いということですね。

英語の年月日にコンマ・ピリオド・スラッシュ・ハイフンは必要?

英語の日付け書き方を説明!年月日の順番は?

英語の日付で通常よく目にするコンマ、ピリオド、ハイフン、スラスラッシュを使用した日付の記載例を表にしました。

アメリカ式 イギリス式
スペースのみ January 01 2020 01 January 2020
コンマ January,01,2020 01,January,2020
ピリオド January.01.2020 01.January.2020
ハイフン January-01-2020 01-January-2020
スラッシュ January/01/2020 01/January/2020

やはり単語間のスペースを空けるだけでなく、コンマ、ピリオド、ハイフン、スラッシュで区切られた方が見やすい感じがします。

因みにイギリス式の場合は真ん中のアルファベットが前後の数字を分けてくれるので、記号を入れなくても、”02 JAN 2020″と見やすいと思います。

逆にアメリカ式の場合は、日と年の部分で数字が続くので、間のスペースに記号が入った方が断然わかりやすいです。

例)
スペースのみ:January 01 2020
ピリオド使用:January.01.2020

こちらはやはり年・月・日という順序がわかっていても、文字間に記号が入った方が見やすいですね。

英語日付の年月日の間にスラッシュを書く時の注意

スラッシュを記載する場合で特に手書きの場合は、数字の1や7と見間違えも多く、使用を好まない人も少なくありません。

手書きの際、見間違いを避けたい場合は、コンマやピリオドを使用するのがおすすめです。

どうしてもスラッシュを使用したい場合は、下の2つの方法もあります。

スラッシュだけ他の文字よりも縦長に書く ※手書き場合のみ可能

  書き方例) 17/January/2021    

スラッシュが長くて、文字との区別がつきやすいですね。

スラッシュと数字・文字間のスペースを空けて、スラッシュをはっきり見やすくする方法

  書き方例) 17 / January / 2021

この方法だと、スラッシュでも「日・月・年」の区別がはっきりわかります。^^

英語圏の人は「月」を数字にしても意味・順番を理解できる?

英語日付月一覧

そもそも外国の人はをJanuary, February…のような形式ではなく数字で表記しても理解できるのでしょうか。

英語圏のネイティブは、通常を英語で書く際はJanuary, February… というふうに書くようですが、月を数字で記載してもほとんどの人が理解できるようです。

でもそれは、その人の比較的狭い範囲内での事情だからだといえます。

月を数字で書いても良い場合

例えばアメリカに住んでいれば、年月日の順番は「月/日/年」と決まっています。

なので、”7/5/2015″ と記載されれば当然「7月5日2015年」と理解することができます。

でもこれをアメリカ以外の国の人に見せると、「5月7日」に間違えられる可能性も十分にあります。

なのである程度フォーマルな場面(例えばメールや書類など)では、「1/5」ではなく”January 5th”というふうに記載するのが一般的のようです。

なので、あくまで日付を数字で書く場合は、メモ書きや通例で見る人もわかっている場合のみに限られるようです。

月を数字で書いてはいけない場合

上にも書いているように、メモ書きや周囲の人が理解している場合以外は、月を数字で書くと誤解を招くこともあるので、注意が必要です。

とくに提出物お仕事関係の書類公に発信する文章などの場合は、月を数字で書くと混乱を招いてしまう可能性が高いので、控えるべきでしょう。

「月を英語の文字で書けない・書きたくない」という人は、3文字の短縮形で書くととても簡単で便利です。

「年月日の英語スペルや短縮形を忘れた」でも英語で月の短縮形(3文字)の書き方を紹介していますので是非参考にしてみてくださいね。

英語で日付(年月日)の順番まとめ

如何でしたか?

英語で日付を書く順番は、「月・日・年」のアメリカ式と「日・月・年」のイギリス式があります。どちらの順番で書いても間違いではありません。

また、月を数字で書く場合は月と日にちの順序が混乱する場合があるので、できるかぎり「月」もアルファベットか3文字の短縮形で書くことをオススメします。

年月日それぞれの間にピリオド・スペースを書いて見分けがつきやすくするなどの一工夫をして、誤解が生まれないようにしましょう。^^

 

コメント

  1. Emerson より:

    Its like you learn my thoughts! You appear to understand a
    lot about this, like you wrote the guide in it or something.
    I feel that you simply could do with some p.c. to drive the message home a bit, however
    instead of that, that is great blog. A fantastic read.
    I will certainly be back.

  2. Excellent site. Α lot of useful info here. I am sending itt too
    ɑ few friends ɑns additionally sharing in delicioᥙs.

    And natᥙrally, thank you on your effort!

    Feel free to visdit mmy site – info lebih lengkap

  3. Great post.

  4. I ɑm extremely imprеsseɗ with yоur writing skіlls and аlso with the layout on your weblog.
    Is this a paid theme or Ԁid you customize it yourself?
    Either way keep up the excellent quality writing, it is rare to see a nice
    bⅼog like this one these days.

    Take a look at my pɑge; cejе online (http://www.bestbookmarks.win)

  5. Saya tidak bisa menahan diri dari berkomentar. Sangat baik ditulis!

    My page: Joker123 apk new version

  6. Saya telah telah menjelajah online lebih dari
    2 jam hari ini, namun saya tidak pernah menemukan artikel menarik seperti milik Anda.

    It’s cukup berharga bagi saya. Menurut pendapat saya , jika semua pemilik situs web dan blogger membuat konten yang baik seperti yang Anda lakukan, internet akan menjadi
    lebih berguna dari sebelumnya.

    Check out my site :: Joker123 withdraw

  7. Saya tidak bisa menolak berkomentar. Baik ditulis!

    My blog :: Joker123 apk net

  8. loqufyqo より:

    I am actually grateful to the holder of this web site
    who has shared this fantastic article at here.

  9. anonymouse.org より:

    Hey there! Someone in my Myspace group shared this website
    with us so I came to take a look. I’m definitely loving the information. I’m
    book-marking and will be tweeting this to my followers!
    Great blog and brilliant design.

    Also visit my website :: xe88 slot, anonymouse.org,

  10. 981kis より:

    Hi, just wanted to tell you, I enjoyed this blog post.
    It was helpful. Keep on posting!

    My site; 981kis

  11. http://nora.biz より:

    Appreciatе the recommendatiօn. Let me trry іt out.

    my web page poker online [http://nora.biz]

  12. vik3pms より:

    Very nice post. I simply stumbled upon your blog and wanted to say that I have truly enjoyed surfing
    around your blog posts. After all I will be subscribing to your rss feed and I hope you
    write once more soon!

  13. skin care p より:

    I appreciate, cause I found exactly what I used to be looking
    for. You’ve ended my four day long hunt! God Bless
    you man. Have a nice day. Bye

    Also visit my page – skin care p

  14. get more info より:

    Bonus delivers are a excellent way for clients to ‘test’
    a sportsbook.

  15. vik8wz2 より:

    Wonderful items from you, man. I’ve take note your stuff previous to
    and you’re simply extremely magnificent. I really like what you have bought right here,
    really like what you’re saying and the way in which wherein you are saying it.

    You’re making it entertaining and you still care for to keep it wise.
    I can’t wait to learn far more from you. That is actually a tremendous web site.

  16. Saya tidak bisa menahan diri dari berkomentar.
    Sempurna ditulis!

    my webpage; Agen joker123 terpercaya

  17. Thanks for one’s marvelous posting! I actually enjoyed reading it,
    you can be a great author. I will ensure that I bookmark your blog and will come back at some point.
    I want to encourage you to continue your great
    job, have a nice morning!

    Feel free to visit my blog; cara main game xe88

  18. This is a really good tip especially to those fresh to the blogosphere.
    Brief but very accurate info… Thanks for sharing this one.
    A must read article!

    Feel free to visit my site: pussy888apk (https://10daneces.com/forum/index.php?Qa=62343&qa_1=open-the-gates-for-pussy888-through-these-easy-Suggestions)

  19. kiss916 より:

    Hi there, I discovered your website by means of Google at the
    same time as searching for a similar topic, your site got here up, it looks good.

    I’ve bookmarked it in my google bookmarks.

    Hi there, just became aware of your weblog via Google, and found
    that it is truly informative. I’m gonna watch out for brussels.

    I’ll be grateful in the event you continue this in future.
    Lots of other folks will likely be benefited
    out of your writing. Cheers!

    My web site :: kiss916

  20. Stepanie より:

    This design is incredible! You definitely know how to keep a reader amused.
    Between your wit and your videos, I was almost moved to
    start my own blog (well, almost…HaHa!) Excellent job.
    I really enjoyed what you had to say, and more than that, how you presented it.
    Too cool!

    My webpage: pussy888 slot – Stepanie,

  21. I was recommended this blog by way of my cousin. I am not positive whether this post is written by him as no one else understand such unique about my trouble.
    You’re wonderful! Thank you!

    my blog … 918kaya game list

  22. kiss test id より:

    It’s great that you are getting ideas from this article as well as
    from our dialogue made at this place.

    my homepage :: kiss test id

  23. list game xe88 より:

    Hi there! I know this is kinda off topic but I was wondering which
    blog platform are you using for this website? I’m getting sick and tired of WordPress because I’ve had issues with hackers and
    I’m looking at alternatives for another platform. I would be awesome if you could point me in the direction of a good
    platform.

    Here is my site; list game xe88

  24. This website was… how do you say it? Relevant!!
    Finally I have found something that helped me.
    Many thanks!

    Here is my page ex88 (https://www.25hour.cn)

  25. Agen Mega888 より:

    Hi there! This post could not be written any better!
    Reading through this post reminds me of my previous room mate!
    He always kept talking about this. I will forward this
    post to him. Pretty sure he will have a good read. Many thanks for sharing!

    Feel free to visit my blog post: Agen Mega888

  26. mega888apk より:

    Hi there, for all time i used to check webpage posts here early in the break of day, for the reason that i love to find out more and more.

    my blog post … mega888apk

  27. Hey I know this is off topic but I was wondering
    if you knew of any widgets I could add to my blog that automatically tweet my newest twitter updates.
    I’ve been looking for a plug-in like this
    for quite some time and was hoping maybe you would have some experience
    with something like this. Please let me know if you run into anything.

    I truly enjoy reading your blog and I look forward to your new
    updates.

    my website … pussy888 ios download

  28. Saya telah menjelajah online lebih dari tiga jam hari
    ini, namun saya tidak pernah menemukan artikel menarik seperti milik Anda.
    It’s cukup berharga bagi saya. Secara pribadi , jika
    semua pemilik web dan blogger membuat konten yang baik
    seperti yang Anda lakukan, net akan menjadi lebih berguna dari sebelumnya.

    Feel free to visit my website: Slot joker123 org download aplikasi joker123 amp

  29. situs slot より:

    Excelⅼent post! We are linkіng to this great contenbt on our website.
    Keep up thhe great writing.

    Feel free to vіsit myy blog post … situs slot

  30. Wow, wonderful blog format! How lengthy have you been blogging for?

    you made running a blog glance easy. The overall glance of your web site is
    magnificent, as well as the content!

    my web-site – pussy888 original

  31. Test id mega888 より:

    Great blog you have here but I was curious if you knew of any user discussion forums that cover the same topics discussed here?
    I’d really love to be a part of group where I can get responses from other
    knowledgeable people that share the same interest.
    If you have any recommendations, please let me know.
    Thank you!

    Also visit my web-site Test id mega888

  32. xajm168.com より:

    Hello, I want to subscribe for this website to obtain newest
    updates, thus where can i do it please assist.

    Feel free to visit my page; download kis918 (xajm168.com)

  33. I couldn’t refrain from commenting. Very well written!

    Look into my blog :: mega888 singapore

  34. 918kaya online より:

    Thank you, I’ve just been looking for information about this subject for a while and yours is the greatest I’ve discovered
    so far. But, what about the bottom line? Are you certain concerning the source?

    My web blog … 918kaya online

  35. Cool blog! Is your theme custom made or did you download it from somewhere?

    A design like yours with a few simple tweeks would really make my blog stand out.
    Please let me know where you got your design. Thanks a lot

    Here is my blog: pussy888 Download

  36. mega888 より:

    What’s up to all, how is all, I think every one is getting more from this site, and your views are
    pleasant for new users.

    Also visit my web-site: mega888

  37. 918kaya game より:

    It’s really very difficult in this busy life to listen news on Television, so I simply use internet
    for that purpose, and obtain the hottest information.

    My page 918kaya game

  38. methotrexate and amoxicillin where to purchase amoxicillin how many days to take amoxicillin 500mg what is amoxicillin prescribed for

  39. furosemide ototoxicity lasix generic lasix for horses for sale how to convert mg furosemide to meq

  40. azithromycin for strep zithromax 250 coupon where can i buy azithromycin azithromycin and alcohol how long after

  41. topical ivermectin rosacea generic stromectol can i use ivermectin on my dog how long for ivermectin to work in horses site:www.chronofhorse.com

  42. ventolin albuterol inhaler albuterol canada pharmacy where can i buy ventolin nebules online how does albuterol inhaler work

  43. gamefly より:

    Hurrah, that’s what I was exploring for, what a data! present here at
    this web site, thanks admin of this site. games ps4 allenferguson games
    ps4

  44. bit.ly より:

    Today, while I was at work, my sister stole my iPad and tested to see if it can survive a forty foot drop, just so she can be a youtube sensation. My
    iPad is now broken and she has 83 views. I know this is
    entirely off topic but I had to share it with someone!
    ps4 games allenferguson ps4 games

  45. Bardzo interesujący temat, pozdrawiam za wystawienie się Aparaty do ćwiczenia oddechu.

  46. Bardzo interesujący temat, doceniam to za wystawienie się Spirometr DO ĆWICZEŃ WDECHOWYCH.

  47. ps4 games より:

    Great delivery. Sound arguments. Keep up the great work.

  48. ps4 games より:

    Hi! I’m at work surfing around your blog from my new iphone!
    Just wanted to say I love reading through your blog and look forward to all your posts!
    Carry on the fantastic work!

  49. tinyurl.com より:

    I’m not sure exactly why but this site is
    loading extremely slow for me. Is anyone else having this issue or is it a problem on my end?

    I’ll check back later on and see if the problem
    still exists.

  50. web hosting より:

    This site was… how do you say it? Relevant!!
    Finally I have found something that helped me. Appreciate
    it!

  51. minecraft games より:

    Link exchange is nothing else but it is only placing the other person’s web
    site link on your page at appropriate place and other person will also do same in support of you.

  52. apl mega888 より:

    First off I would like to say wonderful blog! I had a quick question in which I’d
    like to ask if you don’t mind. I was interested to find out how you center yourself and clear your
    thoughts prior to writing. I’ve had a difficult time clearing my thoughts in getting my thoughts out there.
    I truly do take pleasure in writing however it just seems like the first 10 to 15 minutes
    tend to be lost just trying to figure out how to begin.
    Any suggestions or hints? Cheers!

    My webpage – apl mega888

  53. I have read so many content concerning the blogger lovers except this article
    is truly a fastidious piece of writing, keep it up.

    Here is my blog … live22 ios download

  54. First of all I want to say great blog! I had a quick question that I’d like to ask if you don’t mind.
    I was curious to find out how you center yourself and clear your mind prior to writing.
    I have had a difficult time clearing my thoughts in getting my ideas out.
    I truly do take pleasure in writing however it just seems like the first 10 to 15 minutes tend
    to be wasted just trying to figure out how to begin. Any suggestions or hints?

    Many thanks!

    My homepage pussy888 game (http://Wsde.ir/groups/Pussy888-apk-tip-make-yourself-out-there/)

  55. mega888 より:

    If some one desires to be updated with hottest technologies after that he must be
    pay a visit this web site and be up to date all the time.

    My web blog mega888

  56. You actually make it appear really easy together with your presentation but I to find this topic to be really something that I believe I might
    never understand. It sort of feels too complex and extremely broad for me.
    I’m looking ahead to your next post, I’ll try to get
    the grasp of it!

    My webpage: kiss918apk (haisen.sakura.ne.jp)

  57. I’m not that much of a online reader to be honest but
    your sites really nice, keep it up! I’ll go ahead and bookmark your
    website to come back down the road. Many thanks

    my web site :: 918kaya apk – http://www.44706648-90-20190827182230.webstarterz.com,

  58. App joker123 より:

    Saya telah menjelajah online lebih dari 3 jam hari ini,
    namun saya tidak pernah menemukan artikel menarik seperti milik Anda.
    It’s cukup berharga bagi saya. Dalam pandangan saya, jika
    semua pemilik web dan blogger membuat konten yang baik seperti yang Anda
    lakukan, internet akan menjadi lebih berguna dari
    sebelumnya.

    my site … App joker123

  59. Magnificent beat ! I wish to apprentice while you amend your web site,
    how can i subscribe for a blog web site? The account
    aided me a acceptable deal. I had been tiny bit
    acquainted of this your broadcast offered bright clear concept

  60. İnstagram takipçi satın alma siteleri içerisinde en güvenilir takipçi satın alma sitesi olan takip2018 ile takipçi satın al
    ve hedeflerine ulaş!

  61. I will right away clutch your rss feed as I can not in finding your
    e-mail subscription link or newsletter service.

    Do you’ve any? Kindly let me understand in order that I could subscribe.
    Thanks.

  62. Wonderful blog you have here but I was curious if you knew of any forums that cover the same topics discussed here?
    I’d really love to be a part of online community where I can get suggestions from other knowledgeable individuals that share the same interest.
    If you have any suggestions, please let me know. Thanks!

  63. Shell Download より:

    This is a topic that’s close to my heart… Best wishes!
    Where are your contact details though?

  64. sildenafil pills sale https://eunicesildenafilcitrate.com/ sildenafil 20 mg in mexico

  65. When someone writes an post he/she retains the idea of a user in his/her mind that how a user can understand it.
    So that’s why this post is perfect. Thanks!

  66. Sosyal medya uzmanı olarakta tanıyabileceğiniz takip2018 instagram takipçi satın al konusunda en güvenilir ve en hızlı
    sitedir. hemen instagram takipçi satın almak için takip
    2018 i ziyaret et

  67. I am genuinely thankful to the owner of this web site who has shared this enormous paragraph at here.

  68. Good way of explaining, and pleasant piece of writing to obtain data on the topic of my presentation subject matter, which i am going to deliver in university.

  69. Very good information. Lucky me I recently found your site by
    chance (stumbleupon). I’ve bookmarked it for later!

  70. caverject injections https://alprostadildrugs.com/ alprostadil injection video

  71. Instagram takpiçi satın al en iyi alışveriş sitesi olan sitemizden takipçi alarak keşfette yerini alabilirsin!

  72. Magnificent site. Lots of useful information here. I am
    sending it to a few pals ans also sharing in delicious.
    And naturally, thanks to your effort!

  73. 40 mg tadalafil https://elitadalafill.com/ tadalafil tablets

  74. vardenafil dosage maximum https://vegavardenafil.com/ vardenafil vs tadalafil

  75. 0mniartist より:

    Hi! This post couldn’t be written any better! Reading through this post reminds me
    of my previous room mate! He always kept chatting about this.
    I will forward this post to him. Fairly certain he will have a
    good read. Thank you for sharing! asmr 0mniartist

  76. Way cool! Some very valid points! I appreciate you writing this article plus the
    rest of the website is also very good. 0mniartist
    asmr

  77. Thank you for the good writeup. It in fact was a amusement account
    it. Look advanced to more added agreeable from
    you! However, how can we communicate? asmr 0mniartist

  78. bitly.com より:

    Thanks for the marvelous posting! I actually enjoyed reading it,
    you will be a great author.I will be sure to bookmark your blog and will eventually come back from
    now on. I want to encourage you to definitely continue
    your great posts, have a nice morning! asmr 0mniartist

  79. Myronmum より: